絲綢之路(the Silk Road)是中國古代最著名的貿易路線。在這條路上運輸的商品中,絲綢占很大部分,因此得名“絲綢之路”。絲綢之路起點始于長安,終點遠達印度、羅馬等國家。絲綢之路從漢代開始形成,到唐代達到鼎盛,駱駝曾是絲綢之路上的主要交通工具。中國的造紙、印刷等偉大發明通過這條路傳播到了西方,而佛教(Buddhism)等宗教也被引入中國。絲綢之路不僅僅是古代國際貿易路線,更是連接亞洲、非洲、歐洲的文化橋梁。

參考答案:

  The Silk Road is the most well-known trade route in ancient China. It got its name because silk comprised a large proportion of commodities transported along this road. The Silk Road started at Chang'an and extended as far as countries like India and Rome. The Silk Road was opened up during the Han Dynasty and reached its peak in the Tang Dynasty, with camels being the major means of transportation. Great inventions in China, such as paper-making and printing were spread to the Western world along this road and religions like Buddhism were also introduced to China. The Silk Road was not only an ancient international trade route, but also a cultural bridge linking with Africa and Europe.

解題思路:

1.“在這條路上運輸的商品中,絲綢占很大部分”,翻譯時把“商品”作為賓語,即“絲綢占了商品中的大部分”,“在這條路上運輸的”則處理過去分詞短語transported...作后置定語。故譯為silk comprised a large proportion of commodities transported along this road,使句子簡潔流暢。
2.“終點遠達…”的表達符合漢語邏輯,但在英文中“終點”和“遠達”的主謂搭配形式不符合英文邏輯,翻譯時“終點”可以不用翻譯。
3.“駱駝曾是絲綢之路上的主要交通工具”用“with+名詞+動詞現在分詞”的復合結構,使句子更簡潔緊湊。
4.最后一句話中“文化橋梁”的定語“連接亞洲、非洲、歐洲的”較長,在翻譯時,可譯成動詞的現在分詞短語作后置定語linking..., with...。

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